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Prostate Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Overview

Cancer is a disease in which cells divide and replicate abnormally, destroying the body tissues. Prostate Cancer is most common in men. The prostate gland is a walnut-sized structure that lies beneath the bladder in males. Prostate Cancer is a medical condition characterized by the abnormal growth of cells in the prostate gland. It affects the male reproductive system including the prostate, penis, testicles, and the seminal vesicles.

Causes

Though significant reasons for prostate cancer are not known. The aberrant behavior of male androgenic hormone hormones, mainly testosterone, leads to the cancer of prostate. Testosterone is a hormone responsible for sustaining prostate cells. Medical research claims that genetic factors, age, obesity, ethnicity, and family history are primary risk factors for prostate cancers. Age is the most common risk factor. There are high chances of cancer of prostate as a man grows older.

Testosterone’s irregular behavior leads to cancerous growth of prostate cells and affects the nerves responsible for ejaculation and erection, causing sexual dysfunction or impotence.

Symptoms

Initial Symptoms of cancer of prostate include

 

  • Frequent urination

 

 

  • Pain while urination

 

 

  • Burning sensation during urination

 

 

  • The interrupted flow of urine

 

 

  • Blood in the urine

 

 

  • Trouble while starting urination or emptying the bladder

 

 

  • Fatigue and incontinence

 

 

  • Difficulty and pain in ejaculation

 

Other symptoms include pain in the hips, pelvis, back, or ribs, along with the swollen lymph nodes in the groin area.

Diagnosis and Treatment

The cancers of prostate grow slowly and are relatively low risk. Prostate cancer, also known as prostatic adenocarcinoma, is diagnosed by prostate biopsy, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and digital body rectal exam. Survival rates of the cancer measure high.

Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) test is often employed in the screening of prostatic adenocarcinoma. PSA test measures the amount of PSA within the blood. The higher the amount of PSA in the blood, the more likely the cancer is present.

If the cancer is identified, different tests are done to determine if cancer cells are localized or widespread in other parts of the body. This method is named staging.

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