Plastic Injection Molding is used to produce part of almost every product in your home or business. It is the fastest method of forming plastic available. There are many benefits of plastic injection molding process including reliability and cost effectiveness. The products that are produced with the help of this process generally do not require any more finishing. In this process, all the equipment used are modern, sophisticated and efficient, also called as the injection molding machines. The machinery involved is very heavy and can even weigh thousands of pounds. It is only due to these heavy machines that the end products are of the best quality. This machines heats up the plastic to bring it to its liquid form. This shows that the machines need to tolerate higher temperature and require highly sophisticated parts for the purpose.
When the plastic is injected into the mold or the cavity through gates, it takes the particular shape of the mold, after the plastic is cooled down in the mold, it is ejected out of the mold. These cavities can be utilized for getting desired plastic into almost any shape. There are of course cost considerations when designing plastic and experienced engineers will understand the cost trade-off of different design features. There are two components of the mold, which are injection and ejector mold. The liquefied plastic resin is put into the mold for getting set into the shape and the plastic part is ejected through the ejector mold once it is solidified. There is no damage caused to the product and it is ejected safely with the help of ejecting pins.
Next procedure includes the application of mechanical or the hydraulic pressure, when the air is trapped in the mold and needs to get released. The process is called as Dwelling process. The air is released as the cavities filled with air are pushed aside in the corner due to the pressure application. Afterwards the liquid gets solidified thereby cooling down the mold. In the end the solidified plastic is brought out of the mold which could be done either in an automatic or manual way.
There occurs a significant change in the physical and chemical properties of the plastic product thus formed after the cooling process. The most prominent feature of this process of Plastic Injection Molding is the mold width. Generally, a mold with the uniformly thick walls is preferred as it decreases the changes brought about in the mechanical properties of the plastic product.