Tamil Traditions and Rituals That Shine Up to the Wedding Ceremony

It is well-known that Indians dominate the world of rich culture and heritage in weddings. They are colourful and full of life, often involving the participation of friends, family, and even neighbours. Vibrant and elaborate, Tamil weddings are held over a number of days, and although they aren’t opulent, they do pay attention to traditions and to the smallest details.

The run-up to the wedding is marked by several pre-nuptial rituals. The Tamils have their own customs and rituals of beginning the wedding. Take a look at the pre-wedding rituals if you’re unfamiliar with the Tamil matrimonial ceremony.

Panda Kaal Muhurtham

This is a short ritual performed on the day before the wedding to seek the blessings of God. The ritual involves both the bride’s and the groom’s families and is performed to ensure that the wedding proceeds without any kind of obstacles.

Lagna Pathirigai

This is performed by a priest, who plays a very important role in a Tamil wedding. The reading of the Lagna Pathirigai involves the announcement of the wedding date (muhurtham) and the venue. A sumptuous dinner is also served after this ritual.


Vratham literally means fasting and this is done a day before the wedding by the families of both the bride and the groom, while Vedic hymns are chanted to seek the blessings of God and ancestors. The ritual is presided over by a priest.

Pallikai Thellichal

Also held a day prior to the wedding ceremony, this ritual is performed by married women of the household and is marked by filling clay pots with nine varieties of grain and watering them. When the grain sprouts after a couple of days, it is fed to fishes in a pond. This is done to seek blessings for the betrothed couple.


In order to seek the blessings of the ancestors for a long and happy life for the couple, the Naandi ceremony is performed by the families and conducted by priests. The Brahmins are also presented with gifts during the ceremony.


This is performed by the bride’s family to seek the blessings of Lord Ganesha for a smooth, hassle-free wedding. The bride is the center of this ritual that is conducted by a priest. She is presented with a new sari by the groom’s family, then a tilak made of kumkum and sandalwood is drawn on her forehead, a garland is tied around her waist, and the pallu of her sari is laden with fruits and other things like turmeric, beetle nuts, and coconut.


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